From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes , the SparkNotes Beowulf Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes. No Fear Literature by SparkNotes features the complete edition of Beowulf side- by-side with an accessible, plain English translation. At this time, Beowulf, nephew of the Geatish king Hygelac, is the greatest hero in the world. He lives in Geatland, a realm not far from Denmark, in what is now.
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Beowolf SparkNotes - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Sparknotes for Beowulf. Get all the key plot points of Anonymous's Beowulf on one page. From the creators of SparkNotes. Get the entire Beowulf LitChart as a printable PDF. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. Get the entire Beowulf LitChart as a printable PDF.
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After Beowulf defeats Grendel’s mother, how long does he rule over the Geats?
Featured channels. A line of Old English poetry has two halves, with a brief pause, called a caesura, in the middle of the line. The two halves of a line are linked by the alliteration repetition of an initial consonant ; at least three words in a line alliterate.
Old English poetry also uses kennings , compressed metaphors like "heaven's candle" for the sun, or "whale's road" for the sea, or calling a woman married in an effort to gain peace a "peace weaver.
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Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play. LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Beowulf by Anonymous. Download this LitChart!
Themes All Themes. Symbols All Symbols. Theme Wheel. Beowulf Study Guide Next. A concise biography of Anonymous plus historical and literary context for Beowulf.
In-depth summary and analysis of every section of Beowulf. Visual theme-tracking, too. Beowulf 's important quotes, sortable by theme, character, or section. This continues for twelve years, until Beowulf , a young warrior of the Geats in southern Sweden, hears about Grendel and, determined to fight the monster, sails to Hrothgar's lands with fifteen companions.
Hrothgar, who knew Beowulf's father Ecgtheow , accepts Beowulf's offer to fight Grendel and gives him a feast, though Beowulf and Unferth , a warrior loyal to Hrothgar, exchange insults.
That night, the warriors sleep in Heorot, with Beowulf keeping watch. Grendel arrives and consumes one of the warriors, then reaches for Beowulf. Beowulf, famous for his powerful grip, which is as strong as the grip of thirty men, struggles with Grendel, tearing off the monster's shoulder and arm.
Grendel returns to the fens to die.
His arm is hung as a trophy under the roof of Heorot. Hrothgar gives a second feast to celebrate Beowulf's victory. At the feast, Hrothgar generously rewards Beowulf with treasure. The scop sings again, and Beowulf is praised until nightfall.
That night, Grendel's mother comes to the hall from her home in the bottom of a lake, seeking revenge for the death of her son. She grabs Aeschere , a favorite warrior and adviser of Hrothgar's, and consumes him, then returns home.
In the morning, the warriors follow her tracks to her lake, where they see Aeschere's head. Beowulf enters the lake, and swims for hours before reaching her cave at the bottom.
He fights with Grendel's mother, but the sword Hrunting, which Unferth lent to Beowulf in a sign of fellowship, fails for the first time. From the treasure hoard in the cave Beowulf seizes a sword forged long ago by giants and kills Grendel's mother.
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He sees Grendel's body, and removes the head, and takes it and the hilt of the giant's sword the blade melted on contact with the monster's blood back to Hrothgar.
There is another celebration in Heorot with more gifts and promises of friendship.
Hrothgar says he feels like Beowulf is his son, and weeps at Beowulf's departure. Beowulf and his men return to the land of the Geats, where his uncle the king, Hygelac , and Hygelac's queen Hygd , greet Beowulf, accepting the treasure Beowulf gives them, and in turn rewarding Beowulf with a sword, praise, and land.
Hygelac is eventually killed by the Swedes; his son Heardred , though young, takes the throne with Beowulf's support. At Heardred's death, Beowulf takes the throne of the Geats, and rules in great prosperity and fame for fifty years. In Beowulf's old age, a thief finds a passageway into an old barrow. Inside, a dragon guards a treasure trove left there long ago by the last survivor of an extinct people.As a young warrior.
Beowulf grieves and wonders what he might have done to deserve such punishment from God. Themes and Colors Key. As the warriors sleep in the mead-hall, Grendels mother, a horrible monster in her own right, descends on Heorot in a frenzy of grief and rage, seeking vengeance for her sons death.
Interestingly, up until this point of the poem, Beowulf s decision to come to Hrothgars aid has been described by the narrator as a heroic act of Beowulf s own deciding rather than an act of obligation or a payment of debt.
Old English was gradually broadened by offerings from those languages.
That some aspect or memory of a person remains is therefore of great importance to the warriors. They wish each other luck in the fight that will follow. The severed arm is hung high in the mead-hall as a trophy of victory. Wiglaf chides the other warriors.